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— Outstanding Teachers —

WANG Xiaotian


Professor, Director of Applied Psychology Programme

Education Background

BA (Beijing Medical Collage/ Medical School of Peking University)

MS (Medical School of Jinan University)

MA (New Mexico State University, USA)

PhD in Cognitive Psychology (New Mexico State University, USA)

Research Field
Behavioral decision making, Risk management, Evolutionary psychology, Neuroscience of self-control


X.T. Wang(王晓田)is professor and director of the Applied Psychology program at the Chinese University of Hong Kong (Shenzhen). He is also professor emeritus at the University of South Dakota. His research interests involve behavioral decision making, risk management, and evolutionary and neural psychology. He was visiting or adjunct professor at Peking University, China Europe International Business School, Max Planck Institute in Berlin, Germany, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, and Singapore Management University. He has published papers in 31 professional journals across different disciplines. His research was sponsored by NSF, James McDonnell Foundation and KC Wang Foundation. His studies are cited in multiple textbooks and covered by popular media such as Time magazine online, Wall Street Journal, Science News, Yahoo News, et al.

Academic Publications:


Wang, X.T. & Lu, J. (2016). The Wisdom of Evolution and Rationalities of Decision Making (Book series of Contemporary Psychological Science, Yang, Y., Ed.), ECNU Press.

Wang, X.T. & Su Y.J. (Eds. 2011). Thus Spake Evolutionary Psychologists, Beijing: Peking University Press. ; Japanese Edition (2018) University of Tokyo Press


Journal Special Issue:

Guest Editor, Journal of Bioeconomics for two special issues on Bioeconomics, Law, and Evolutionary Psychology, 2001-2002.


Research Articles and Book Chapters:

(* Corresponding author)

Wang, X.T.*, Reed, R., Baugh, L.A., & Fercho, K. (2018). Resource forecasting: Differential effects of glucose taste and ingestion on delay discounting and self-control. Appetite, 121, 101-110.

Xuan, Y.H., Li, S., Chen, J., Rao, L.L., Wang, X.T., & Zheng, R. (2017). Genetic and environmental influences on gambling: A meta-analysis of twin studies. Frontiers in Psychology: Personality and Social Psychology. DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2017.02121.

Wang, X.T. (Xiao-Tian)*, & Huangfu, G. (2017). Glucose-specific signaling effects on delay discounting in intertemporal choice. Physiology and Behavior, 169, 195–201. DOI: 10.1016/j.physbeh.2016.12.001.

Wang, X.T.*, Rao, L., Zheng H. (2017). Neural substrates of framing effects in social contexts: A meta-analytical approach. Social Neuroscience, 12(3), 268-279. Published online: 3/28/2016

Wang, X.T.* (2017). A pointers hypothesis of general intelligence evolved from domain-specific demands (Commentary). Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 40, 47-48. DOI:

Huang, Y.,Wei, Z., Shen, L.,Wang*, X.T., Ge*, L., He* G., & Li* S. 黄元娜, 魏子晗, 沈丝楚, 王晓田, 葛列众, 何贵兵, 李纾. (2017). Decision making in the environment of Internet mass information: Challenges and response patterns. 互联网海量信息环境对人类决策提出的挑战及其应对方式Chinese Journal of Applied Psychology. 应用心理学, 23 (3): 195-209. 

Long, P. & Wang X.T.* (2017). Theory of mind in evaluating pain symptoms. Psychology and Behavioral Science International Journal (PBSIJ), 4(1): 555631. DIO: 10.19080/PBSIJ.2017.04.555631.

Garelik, S. & Wang, X.T.* (2017). Multiple framing: Verbal, facial, and vocal cues in risky choice. Journal of Behavioral Decision Making, 30(2), 322-331. DOI: 10.1002/bdm.1942.

Wang, X.T. (Xiao-Tian), Zheng, R., Xuan, Y., Chen, J.  & Li, S*. (2016). Not all risks are created equal: A twin study and meta-analyses of risk-taking across seven domains. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 145(11), 1548-1560.

Wang, X.T.*, Ong, L. S., Tan, J. H. (2015). Sense and sensibility of ownership: Effects of ownership experience on valuation of goods. Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics, 58, 171-177.

Oliver-Rodriguez, J. C.* & Wang, X. T. (2015).  Non-parametric three-way mixed ANOVA with aligned rank tests. British Journal of Mathematical and Statistical Psychology, 68, 23-42. DOI:10.1111/bmsp.12031

Rao, L, Wang, X.T.*, & Li, S. (2015). Investment choice and perceived mating intention regulated by external resource cues and internal fluctuation in blood glucose levels. Frontiers in Psychology, 5, 1523. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2014.01523

Wang, X.T.*, Li, S., Rao, L. (2014). Conservation combats exploitation: Choices within an evolutionary framework (Commentary). Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 37(4), 437-438.

Xiong, G, Li, A, & Wang, X.T.* (2014). An analysis of wage gap and turnover decisions based on Tri-Reference Point theory (基于三参照点理论的薪酬差距与离职决策的分析). Advances in Psychological Science (心理科学进展), 22, 1363-1371. DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2014.01363

Hu, Z. & Wang, X.T.* (2014). Trust or not: Trust-based choice heuristics in HR management. Journal of Business Research, 67, 1710–1716. DOI: 10.1016/j.jbusres.2014.02.017

Wang, X.T.* & Wang, P. (2013). Tri-reference point theory of decision making: From principles to applications (决策的三参照点理论:从原理到应用). Advances in Psychological Science (心理科学进展), 21, 1-16.

Wang, X.T.* & Johnson, G. J. (2012). A tri-reference point theory of decision making under risk. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 141, 743-756. doi: 10.1037/a0027415

Zheng, H., Wang, X.T.* & Zhu, L.* (2010). Framing Effects: Behavioral dynamics and neural basis. Neuropsychologia, 48, 3198-3204.

Wang, X.T.* & Dvorak, R. D. (2010). Sweet Future: Fluctuating blood glucose levels affect future discounting. Psychological Science, 21, 183-188. (Featured in Time magazine, Wall Street Journal, Science Daily, True/Slant,, Rodale News, etc.,33009,2107518-4,00.html?artId=2107518?contType=article?chn=sciHealth

Wang, X.T. * (2010). Six issues in methodology of behavioral research. 有关行为研究方法学的六点思考. Acta Psychologica Sinica (中国心理学报), 42, 37-40.

Wang, X.T.*, Kruger, D. & Wilke, D (2009). Life history variables and risk taking propensity. Evolution and Human Behavior, 30, 77-84.

Wang, X.T.* & Sang, K. (2009). Salary expectation and job choice: An empirical test of the tri-reference point theory. 薪酬预期与选择: 基于三参照点理论的验证与探讨. Chinese Psychological Science (心理科学), 32, 21-24.

Ziebarth, G. & Wang, X.T.* (2009). Consumers’ preference for choice strategies examined in two task domains. In F. Saito (Ed.), Consumer Behavior. New York: Nova Science Publisher (ISBN 978-1-60692-3948).

Wang, X.T. * (2008). Risk communication and risky choice in context: Ambiguity and ambivalence hypothesis. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1128, 78-89.

Wang, X.T. * (2008). Decision heuristics as predictors of public choice. Journal of Behavioral Decision Making, 21, 77-89. Featured in Science News article “Simpleminded Voters”

Zhang, W. H. & Wang, X.T.* (2008). Self-framing, risk perception and risky choice. 自我框架, 风险认知和风险选择. Acta Psychologica Sinica (中国心理学报), 40, 633-641. Reprinted by中国人民大学《复印报刊资料》

Kruger, D. J.*, Wang, X.T. & Wilke, A. (2007). Towards the development of an evolutionarily valid domain-specific risk-taking scale. Evolutionary Psychology, 5, 555-568.

Wang, X.T. * (2007). Evolutionary psychology of investment decisions: Studies of expected personal money allocation and differential parental investment in sons and daughters. Acta Psychologica Sinica (中国心理学报), 39, 406-414.

Wang, X.T. * (2006) Emotions within reason: Resolving conflicts in risk preference. Cognition and Emotion, 20, 1132-1152.

Wang, X.T.* & J. S. Simons (2005). Reference points-dependent tradeoffs in intertemporal decision making (Commentary). Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 28, 663-664.

Wang, X.T. * (2004). Self-framing of risky choice. Journal of Behavioral Decision Making, 17, 1-16.

Keller, M.*, Gummeran, M., Wang, X.T. & Lindsey, S. (2004). Understanding perspectives and emotions in contract violation: Development of deontic and moral reasoning. Child Development, 75, 614-635.

Xie X.F.* & Wang, X.T. (2004). Reference points and managers’ cognitive characteristics in risky situations. 风险情景中参照点与管理者认知特征. Acta Psychologica Sinica (中国心理学报), 36, 575-585.

Krauss, S.*, & Wang, X.T. (2003). The psychology of the Monty Hall problem: Discovering psychological mechanisms for solving a tenacious brain teaser. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 132, 3-22.

Savina, E.A.* & Wang, X.T. (2003). Risky choice in social contexts. Psikhologicheskii Zhurnal (Journal of Psychology, Russian Acad Sci), 24, 23-30.

Xie, X.F. Wang, X.T.* (2003). Risk perception and risky choice: Situational, informational and dispositional effects. Asian Journal of Social Psychology, 6, 117-132.

Xie X.F.* & Wang, X.T. (2002). Achievement motive and opportunity-threat perception (成就动机与机会: 威胁认知). Acta Psychologica Sinica (中国心理学报), 34, 192-199.

Wang, X.T. * (2002). Risk as reproductive variance. Evolution and Human Behavior, 23, 35-57.

Wang, X.T.*, Simons, F., & Brédart, S. (2001). Social cues and verbal framing in risky choice. Journal of Behavioral Decision Making, 14, 1-15.

Wang, X.T. * (2001). Introduction: Bounded Rationality of Economic Man: New Frontiers in Evolutionary Psychology and Bioeconomics. Journal of Bioeconomics, 3, 83-89.

Landa, J. & Wang, X.T.* (2001). Bounded rationality of economic man: Decision making under ecological, social and institutional constraints. Journal of Bioeconomics, 3, 217-235. Republished in Chinese translation: 经济人的有限理性:在生态的、社会的和制度的限制之下作决策 (中文翻译 牛京辉),《新哲学》2008年,第八辑,280-297页. 王中江主编,北京,大象出版社ISBN 978-7-5347-5081-6)New Phylosophy, 2008, 8, 280-297. Wang, Z.J. Ed., Beijing, Daxiang Press.

Wang, X.T. (2000). How can we be rational in a world of risks and uncertainties? Evolution and Human Behavior, 21, 347-352.

Wang, X.T. * (2000). Beyond “pardonable errors by subjects and unpardonable ones by psychologists” (Commentary).. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 23, 699-700. 

Wang, X.T. * (2000). From Simon’s scissors for rationality to ABC’s adaptive toolbox (Commentary). Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 23, 765-766.

Rode, C., & Wang, X.T. (2000). Risk-sensitive decisions examined in an evolutionary framework. American Behavioral Scientist, 43, 926-939.

Wang, X.T.* & Hertwig, R. (1999). How is maternal survival related to reproductive success? (Commentary). Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 22, 236-237.  

Wang, X.T. * (1996). Framing effects: Dynamics and task domains. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 68, 145-157.

Wang, X.T. * (1996). Domain-specific rationality in human choices: Violations of utility axioms and social contexts. Cognition, 60, 31-63.  

Wang, X.T. * (1996). Evolutionary hypotheses of risk-sensitive choice: Age differences and perspective change. Ethology and Sociobiology, 17, 1-15.

Wang, X.T.*, & Johnston, V. (1995). Perceived social context and risk preference: A re-examination of framing effects in a life-death decision problem. Journal of Behavioral Decision Making, 8, 279-293.

Wang, X.T., & Johnston, V.* (1993). Changes in cognitive and emotional processing with reproductive status. Brain, Behavior and Evolution, 42, 39-47.

Wang, X.T.*, & Johnston, V., & Oliver, J. (1992). Evoked brain potential studies of emotional and cognitive processes: Emotional adaptation hypothesis (认知与情绪过程的脑诱发电位研究: 情绪的适应性假说). Acta Psychologica Sinica (中国心理学报), 24, 406-414.

Johnston, V.*, & Wang X.T. (1991). The relationship between menstrual phase and the P3 component of ERPs. Psychophysiology, 28, 400-409.

O'Hair, D.*, Cody, M.J., Wang, X.T. & Chao, E.Y. (1990). Vocal stress and deception detection among Chinese. Communication Quarterly, 38, 158-169.

Wang, Xiao Tian, & Li, Chu Jie (1988). Studies on cerebrospinal fluid (c.s.f.) and plasma cAMP responses during ET and EP hyperthermic ceiling and hyperthermic ceiling plus pyrogen loading. Chinese Journal of Pathophysiology (中国病理生理学报), 4, 208-211.

Wang, Xiao Tian, & Li, Chu Jie (1986). Study on the fever reaction during hyperthermic ceiling and hyperthermic ceiling plus pyrogen loading. Chinese Journal of Pathophysiology, 2 (中国病理生理学报), 28-30.


Book Chapters:

Wang, X.T.*, Rao, L, & Zheng, H. (2016). Framing effects: Behavioral dynamics and neural basis. In M. Reuter & C. Montag (Eds.) (pp. 145-165). Neuroeconomics. Springer, New York. ISBN: 978-3-642-35922-4 (Print) 978-3-642-35923-1 (Online)

Wang, X.T.* (2016). Parental investment theory. In V.A. Weekes-Shackelford & T. K. Shackelford (Eds.) Encyclopedia of Evolutionary Psychological Science, New York, Springer. DOI 10.1007/978-3-319-16999-6_3585-1.

Wang, X.T.* & Su Y.J. (Eds. 2011). Evolutionary psychology: Achievements, experiences and frontiers (in Chinese).  In X.T. Wang, & Su, Y.J. (Eds.) Thus Spake Evolutionary Psychologists (进化心理学家如是说) (pp. 1-4). Beijing: Peking University Press.

Wang, X.T. (2011). Evolutionary psychology of decision making at risk. In X.T. Wang, & Su, Y.J. (Eds.) Thus Spake Evolutionary Psychologists (进化心理学家如是说) (pp. 198-208). Beijing: Peking University Press.

Wang, X.T.  (2002). A kith-and-kin rationality in risky choices: Empirical examinations and theoretical modeling. In F. Salter (Ed.), Risky Transactions: Trust, Kinship, and Ethnicity (pp. 47-70). Oxford, UK: Berghahn Books.